Palmitic acid - definition from

[(Science: biochemistry) One of the most widely distributed of fatty acids. The palmitoyl residue is one of the common acyl residues of membrane phospholipids. It is also found as a thioester attached to cystein residues on some membrane proteins. The proteins so modified are often transmembrane proteins and the modified residue is on the cytoplasmic surface of the membrane. The specificity of the transferase for the acyl residue is not high and both stearoyl and oleoyl residues can replace the palmitoyl residue. Compare: myristoylation.

MediLexicon palmitic acid - Medical Dictionary Definition for Term 'palmitic acid'

[1. A common 16-carbon saturated fatty acid occurring in palm oil and olive oil as well as many other fats and waxes; the end product of mammalian fatty acid synthase; CH3(CH2)14COOH.

Molecular Formula: C16H32O2

InChI: InChI=1/C16H32O2/c1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16(17)18/h2-15H2,1H3,(H,17,18)/f/h17H


CAS number 57-10-3

    Cetylic acid
    hexadecanoic acid
    Hexadecanoic acid
    hexadecoic acid
    Hexadecylic acid
    n-hexadecanoic acid
    n-hexadecoic acid
    Palmitic acid
    palmitic acid

    PubChem CID 985
    Beilstein =607489
    CAS 57-10-3 (from NIST)
    ChEBI 15756
    chemPDB PLM
    Gmelin 190200
    Kegg C00249
    LIPID MAPS LMFA01010001
    PubChem ID 10322761
    PubChem ID 3548